Monday, January 31, 2011

Introduction to Psychology with Paul Bloom 13

Why Are People Different?: Differences

Sunday, January 30, 2011

Saturday, January 29, 2011

Friday, January 28, 2011

Wednesday, January 26, 2011

Tuesday, January 25, 2011

Introduction to Psychology with Paul Bloom 07

Conscious of the Present; Conscious of the Past: Language

Stop Corrective Rape

Millicent Gaika was bound, strangled, tortured and raped for five hours by a man who crowed that he was ‘curing’ her of her lesbianism.

She barely survived, but she is not alone -- this vicious crime is recurrent in South Africa, where lesbians live in terror of attack. But no one has ever been convicted of 'corrective rape'.

Amazingly, from a tiny Cape Town safehouse a few brave activists are risking their lives to ensure that Millicent’s case sparks change. Their appeal to the Minister of Justice has exploded to over 140,000 signatures, forcing him to respond on national television. But the Minister has not yet answered their demands for action.

Let's shine a light on this horror from all corners of the world -- if enough of us join in to amplify and escalate this campaign, we can reach President Zuma, who is ultimately responsible to uphold constitutional rights. Let’s call on Zuma and the Minister of Justice to publicly condemn ‘corrective rape’, criminalise hate crimes, and ensure immediate enforcement, public education and protection for survivors. Sign the petition now and share it with everyone -- we’ll deliver it to the South African government with our partners in Cape Town:

https://secure.avaaz.org/en/stop_corrective_rape/?vl

South Africa, often called the Rainbow Nation, is revered globally for its post-apartheid efforts to protect against discrimination. It was the first country to constitutionally protect citizens from discrimination based on sexuality. But in Cape Town alone, the local organization Luleki Sizwe has recorded more than one 'corrective rape' per day, and impunity reigns.

'Corrective rape' is based on the outrageous and utterly false notion that a lesbian woman can be raped to 'make her straight', but this heinous act is not even classified as a hate crime in South Africa. The victims are often black, poor, lesbian women, and profoundly marginalised. But even the 2008 gang rape and murder of Eudy Simelane, the national hero and former star of the South Africa women's national football team, did not turn the tide. And just last week Minister Radebe insisted that motive is irrelevant in crimes like 'corrective rape.'

South Africa is the rape capital of the world. A South African girl born today is more likely to be raped than she is to learn to read. Astoundingly, one quarter of South African girls are raped before turning 16. This has many roots: masculine entitlement (62 per cent of boys over 11 believe that forcing someone to have sex is not an act of violence), poverty, crammed settlements, unemployed and disenfranchised men, community acceptance -- and, for the few cases that are courageously reported to authorities, a dismal police response and lax sentencing.

This is a human catastrophe. But Luleki Sizwe and partners at Change.org have opened a small window of hope in the fight against it. If the whole world weighs in now, we could get justice for Millicent and national action to end 'corrective rape':

https://secure.avaaz.org/en/stop_corrective_rape/?vl

This is ultimately a battle with poverty, patriarchy, and homophobia. Ending the tide of rape will require bold leadership and concerted action to spearhead transformative change in South Africa and across the continent. President Zuma is a a Zulu traditionalist, who has himself stood trial for rape. But he condemned the arrest of a gay couple in Malawi last year, and, after massive national and international civic pressure, South Africa finally approved a UN resolution opposing extra-judicial killing in relation to sexual orientation.

If enough of us join this global call for action, we could push Zuma to speak out, drive much-needed government action, and begin a national conversation that could fundamentally shift public attitudes toward rape and homophobia in South Africa. Sign on now and spread the word:

https://secure.avaaz.org/en/stop_corrective_rape/?vl

A case like Millicent’s makes it easy to lose hope. But when citizens come together with one voice, we can succeed in shifting fundamentally unjust, but deeply ingrained practices and norms. Last year, in Uganda, we succeeded in building such a massive wave of public pressure that the government was forced to shelve legislation that would have sentenced gay Ugandans to death. And it was global pressure in support of bold national activists that pushed South African leaders to address the AIDS crisis that was engulfing their country. Let’s join together now and speak out for a world where each and every human being can live without fear of abuse.

With hope and determination,

Alice, Ricken, Maria Paz, David and the rest of the Avaaz team

SOURCES:

Blog of Luleki Sizwe, South African organization leading the call to their government to stop 'corrective rape', and provides support to victims
http://lulekisizwe.wordpress.com

Minister of Justice Radebe’s nationally televised interview (South African Broadcasting Corporation)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lkx-PYqHM0U

Protest against ‘corrective rape’ (The Sowetan)
http://www.sowetanlive.co.za/news/2011/01/06/protest-against-corrective-rape

Petition launched on Change.org by activists from Luleki Sizwe
http://humanrights.change.org/petitions/view/south_africa_declare_corrective_rape_a_hate-crime

"South Africa's shame: the rise of child rape" (The Independent)
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/africa/south-africas-shame-the-rise-of-child-rape-1974578.html

"Exploring homophobic victimisation in Gauteng, South Africa: issues, impacts, and responses" (Centre for Applied Psychology, University of South Africa)
http://www.avaaz.org/out_ucap_gauteng_study

"We have a major problem in South Africa" (The Guardian)
http://www.guardian.co.uk/lifeandstyle/2010/nov/18/south-africa-murder-rape

"South Africa: Rape Facts" (Channel 4)
http://www.channel4.com/programmes/dispatches/articles/south-africa-rape-facts

"Understanding men’s health and use of violence: interface of rape and HIV in South Africa" (Medical Research Council)
http://gender.care2share.wikispaces.net/file/view/MRC+SA+men+and+rape+ex+summary+june2009.pdf

"Preventing Rape and Violence in South Africa" (Medical Research Council)
http://www.mrc.ac.za/gender/prev_rapedd041209.pdf

Monday, January 24, 2011

Sunday, January 23, 2011

Παζάρι βιβλίου στην Καυθμώνος

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Ταπεινοί & καταφρονεμένοι του Φιόντορ Ντοστογιέφσκι
Το νησί των ανέμων της Αθηνάς Ντάλλας – Ντάμης
Εγώ ο Οβίδιος της Τζαίην Αλισον
Ο κύριος της συντέλειας τιυ κόσμου του Homero Aridjis
Το ξέσπασμα της βίας του Jan Guillou
Το όνειρο της Βενετίας της Paloma Diaz – Mas
Μικρή ανθολογία ιστορικού διηγήματος
Ο τραγουδιστής του ανέμου του William Nicholson
Σκλάβοι της αυτοκρατορίας του William Nicholson
Το τραγούδι της φωτιάς του William Nicholson
Συνωμοσία στο Νείλο της Μαρί – Ανζ Φοζερόλα
Η αναζήτηση του Ιερού Γκραάλ
Ιστορίες ληστών απο την ελληνική λογοτεχνία
Η μπαλάντα του Πανδοχέα του Peter S. Beagle
Τα παιδιά του Ανίβα του John Maddox Roberts
Μαίρη – Μαίρη της Τζούλι Πάρσονς
Για να θυμάσαι τη Λοϊδα της Τίτσα Πιπίνου
Το παλάτι της ουράνιας ευδαιμονίας του Ανταμ Ουίλλιαμς
Η Ζαν της ντροπής του Nicola Genka
Εγκλημα στους Πλατωνικούς αγώνες του Michael B. Edwards
Μαρία Στούαρτ του Στέφαν Τσβαιχ
Σπάρτακος του Χαγουαρντ Φαστ
Εγκόλπιο του καλού μπλοφαδόρου για τη διαφήμιση
Εγκόλπιο του καλού μπλοφαδόρου για τη Δημοσιογραφία
Εγκόλπιο του καλού μπλοφαδόρου για την οικολογία
Εγκόλπιο του καλού μπλοφαδόρου για τη μουσική

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Καθώς επίσης και τα παρακάτω του Γρηγόριου Ξενόπουλου:
Ο Μινώταυρος και άλλα διηγήματα
Η ανάθρεφτη
Η γάτα του παπά – Οχτρός θανάσιμος
Αθανασία – Τα καπόνια
Κελαηδησμοί – Η φούρκα – Η σκουφάτη
Οι ερωτευμένοι – Νανότα
Το μυστικό της Βαλεραινας – Το Ζακυνθινό μαντήλι
Μανταλένα – Εντεκα χρονών
Ο Μάγκαλος – Νοστιμον ήμαρ – Το ψωμί
Η μελλοθάνατη – Απορπισμένη – Το μούλικο
Τα θυληκά του Μουζά – Παίζει κι ο παπάς
Η γυναίκα του αντρειωμένου – Μια γαλλίδα
Μανόλιες – Καμπάνες – Το βραχιόλι
Ο τρελός με τους κόκκινους κρίνους
Ιστορία μιας χωρισμένης
Πετριές στον ήλιο
Στέλλα Βιολάντη
Ο κακός ο δρόμος
Ο ποπολάρος

Αυτά το ολίγα...

Introduction to Psychology with Paul Bloom 05

What Is It Like to Be a Baby: The Development of Thought

Wednesday, January 19, 2011

Introduction to Psychology with Paul Bloom 01

Introduction

Global Bee Emergency


Quietly, globally, billions of bees are dying, threatening our crops and food. But a global ban of one group of pesticides could save bees from extinction.

Four European countries have begun banning these poisons, and some bee populations are recovering. But chemical companies are lobbying hard to keep all killer pesticides on the market. A global outcry now for a ban in the US and EU, where debate is raging, could provoke a total ban and a ripple effect around the world.

Let’s build a giant global buzz calling for these dangerous chemicals to be outlawed in the US and EU until and unless they are proved to be safe. Sign the petition to save bees and our crops and send this to everyone.

Wik-Bee Leaks: EPA Document Shows It Knowingly Allowed Pesticide That Kills Honey Bees

Σε παγκόσμιο επίπεδο, δισεκατομμύρια μέλισσες πεθαίνουν, απειλώντας τις καλλιέργειες και την τροφή μας. Αλλά μια παγκόσμια απαγόρευση της ομάδας των φυτοφαρμάκων που είναι επικίνδυνες θα μπορούσε να σώσει τις μέλισσες από την εξαφάνιση.

Τέσσερις ευρωπαϊκές χώρες έχουν απαγόρεύσει αυτά τα δηλητήρια, και σε μερικές ο πληθυσμούς μελισσών έχει αρχίσει να ανακάμπτει. Όμως, οι χημικές εταιρείες πιέζουν σκληρά για την άρση της απαγόρευσης που θα κρατήσει όλα τα φυτοφάρμακα - δολοφόνους στην αγορά. Η παγκόσμια κατακραυγή, εν μέσω των διαπραγματεύσεων για τα παρασιτοκτόνα, Θα μπορούσε να προκαλέσει την απαγόρευση τους σε ΗΠΑ και ΕΕ και εν συνεχεία και σε ολόκληρο τον κόσμο.

Ας φτιάξουν ένα γιγαντιαίο κύμα διαμαρτυριών για την απόσυρση αυτών των ουσιών απο την αγορά μέχρι να αποδειχτεί οτι είναι αβλαβή. Υπογράψτε για να σώσετε τις μέλισσες και τα φυτά μας. Διαφυλάξτε το οικοσύστημά μας και διαδόστε το παντού.

Sunday, January 02, 2011

Words "viral" and "epic" consigned to college trash

BOSTON (Reuters) – This story might be epic, and could even go viral, but not if Lake Superior State University has anything to do with it. Just sayin.'

The small college in Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan, released on Friday its annual list of "banished words" -- terms so overused, misused and hackneyed they deserve to be sent to a permanent linguistic trash can in the year ahead.

"Viral," often used to describe the rapid spreading of videos or other content over the Internet, leads the list for 2011.

"This linguistic disease of a term must be quarantined," Kuahmel Allah of Los Angeles said in making a nomination.

Runners-up included "epic" and "fail," often twinned to describe a blunder of monumental proportions.

A total of 14 words were on the list.

Cliched terms such as "wow factor," "a-ha moment," "back story" and "BFF" (Best Friends Forever) rated highly. The very au courant use of "Facebook" and "Google" as verbs got a thumbs down as well.

As usual, election-cycle zingers and catchwords quickly look as worn out as last year's campaign posters.

In that vein, voters suggested the banning of "Mama Grizzlies," used to describe right-wing female politicians in the mold of Sarah Palin, and "man up," famously used by Nevada Republican Senate candidate Sharon Angle in a testy debate with Democrat Harry Reid and a favorite Palin expression as well.

"A stupid phrase when directed at men. Even more stupid when directed at a woman, as in 'Alexis, you need to man up and join that Pilates class!'" said Sherry Edwards of Clarkston, Michigan.

LSSU began its popular list in 1976, when it named "at this point in time," as substituted for the concise and elegant "now," as a linguistic dud. The college now receives well over 1,000 nominations each year through its website, lssu.edu/banished.

Previous winners and nominees include the terms "shovel ready" for 2010, "battleground states" for 2005, "24/7" for 2000 and "family values" for 1995.

(Reporting by Ros Krasny; Editing by Jerry Norton)
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